6.2.2 Why is recycling important?

The rising costs of virgin materials and of waste disposal increase the attractiveness of recycling. By recovering and reintroducing materials into the production processes, recycling provides an alternative to virgin resources and waste disposal load. The new products developed, which are designed exclusively on raw materials are subject to higher price than those relying on recycled materials. Consequently, consumers would have a tendency to switch to other products made with cheaper, recycled raw materials, as long as quality is not adversely affected.
Moreover manufacturing industries are responsible for the disposal of their waste products and the need for the employment of recycling strategies is becoming increasingly importance for many production sectors.
The pressure on industry to invest in recycling is due to a variety of reasons, such as:

  • exhaustion of the raw material resources
  • great quantities of waste disposals
  • soil, water and air  pollution
  • scarcity of land that can be used as a dumping site (landfills)
  • need for a reduction of energy consumption etc.

Implementing recycling strategies is essential in bringing not only technical and economic advantages, but social advantages as well.