6.6.9 GLOSSARY

MRP
Material Requirements Planning is an information system that determines what assemblies must be built and what materials must be procured in order to build a unit of equipment by a certain date. It queries the bill of materials (BoM) and inventory databases to derive the necessary elements.
(Source: InnoSupport: Supporting Innovations in SME. 6.3 Production strategies, 2005, viewed 18th November 2008, http://archive.innosupport.net)

MRP II
Manufacturing Resource Planning II is an information system that integrates all manufacturing and related applications, including decision support, material requirements planning (MRP), accounting and distribution.
(Source: InnoSupport: Supporting Innovations in SME. 6.3 Production strategies, 2005, viewed 18th November 2008, http://archive.innosupport.net)

ERP
Enterprise Resource Planning is an integrated information system that serves all departments within an enterprise. Evolving out of the manufacturing industry, ERP implies the use of packaged software rather than proprietary software written by or for one customer. ERP modules may be able to interface with an organization's own software with varying degrees of effort, and, depending on the software, ERP modules may be alterable via the vendor's proprietary tools as well as proprietary or standard programming languages.
(Source: InnoSupport: Supporting Innovations in SME. 6.3 Production strategies, 2005, viewed 18th November 2008, http://archive.innosupport.net)

Flow Production
Large-scale volume output produced where the degree of standardisation of the product is greater (but not necessarily identical) and the demand for the product is consistent and long lasting. Such production tends to be characterised by highly capital-intensive methods.
(Source: InnoSupport: Supporting Innovations in SME. 6.3 Production strategies, 2005, viewed 18th November 2008, http://archive.innosupport.net)