Funding or financing: is to provide capital (funds), which means money for a project, a person, a business or any other private or public institutions. Those funds can be allocated for either short term or long term purposes.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Funding)

Strategic alliance: a formal relationship formed between two or more parties to pursue a set of agreed upon goals or to meet a critical business need while remaining independent organisations.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_alliance)

Risk capital: the money that a person allocates to investing in high-risk securities.
(Source: www.investopedia.com/terms/r/riskcapital.asp)

Equity investment: this type of investment generally refers to the buying and holding of shares of stock on a stock market by individuals and funds in anticipation of income from dividends and capital gain as the value of the stock rises.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equity_investment)