11.4.7 GLOSSARY

Community of practice
CoP is groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly. Another short definition is given by Chris Kimble who states that communities of practice” provide an environment for people to develop knowledge through interaction with others in an environment where knowledge is created, nurtured and sustained.
(Source: http://www.12manage.com/description_tacit_knowledge.html )

Industry ecosystem analysis
It is the analysis of a network of interconnected business entities (suppliers, retailers, wholesalers, etc) showing how business decisions or actions taken by one entity impact all of the interrelated entities, both within and among enterprises.

Knowledge Management
Knowledge Management ('KM') comprises a range of practices used by organisations to identify, create, represent, and distribute knowledge. Many large companies have resources dedicated to Knowledge Management, often as a part of 'Information Technology' or 'Human Resource Management' departments. Knowledge Management is a multi-billion dollar world wide market. (Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge_management)

Knowledge map
A map where the relative position of a firm is depicted according to a firm’s knowledge dimensions such as level of knowledge and learning capabilities (for a specific knowledge area).
Social capital
Social capital, referring to connections within and between social networks, is a core concept in business, economics, organizational behaviour, political science, public health, sociology and natural resources management. Though there are in fact a variety of inter-related definitions of this term, which has been described as "something of a cure-all" for the problems of modern society, they tend to share the core idea "that social networks have value” Just as a screwdriver (physical capital) or a college education (human capital) can increase productivity (both individual and collective), so too social contacts affect the productivity of individuals and groups
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_capital)

Social network
A set of actors (nodes / key people) that may have relationships (or ties) with one another.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_network)

Tacit knowledge
Refers to a knowledge which is only known by an individual and that is often difficult to communicate to the rest of an organization. Knowledge that is easy to communicate is often called explicit knowledge. Tacit knowledge has been described as “know-how” (as opposed to “know-what” [facts], “know-why” [science] and "know-who"[networking]). It involves learning and skill but generally not in a way that can be written down.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tacit_knowledge)

Annex

List of indicative links for software applications (1)
INSNA links to network analysis software packages:
http://www.insna.org/INSNA/soft_inf.html

KRACKPLOT
http://www.contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/~krack/
 
ANTHROPAC
http://www.analytictech.com/  
Helps collect and analyze structured qualitative and quantitative data including free lists, pile sorts, triads, paired comparisons, and ratings. ANTHROPAC's analytical tools include techniques that are unique to Anthropology, such as consensus analysis, as well as standard multivariate tools such as multiple regression, factor analysis, cluster analysis, multidimensional scaling and correspondence analysis. In addition, the program provides a wide variety of data manipulation and transformation tools, plus a full-featured matrix algebra language.
 
FATCAT

http://www.sfu.ca/~richards/Pages/fatcat.htm
A different kind of network analysis program. FATCAT works with categorical who-to-whom matrices, in which you select a variable that describes nodes to determine the categories for rows (who) and another one to determine the categories for columns (whom).
 
NEGOPY
http://www.sfu.ca/~richards/Pages/negopy.htm
One of the oldest network analysis programs, NEGOPY finds cliques, liaisons, and isolates in networks having up to 1,000 members and 20,000 links. In use at over 100 universities and research centers around the world.
 
StOCNET
http://stat.gamma.rug.nl/stocnet/
StOCNET is an open software system currently under development that will provide a new platform to make a number of statistical methods that are presently privately owned available to a wider audience. A new version that contains BLOCKS and SIENA can be downloaded.
 
GRADAP 2
http://www.gamma.rug.nl/
GRAph Definition and Analysis Package, can be used to define, manipulate, and analyze graphs and networks of various kinds.
 
PSPAR
http://www.sfu.ca/~richards/Pages/pspar.html
Sparse matrix version of PSTAR.
 
IKNOW
csu1.spcomm.uiuc.edu/projects/TECLAB/iknow/
Tool that assists the study, creation, and growth of knowledge networks.
 
BLANCHE
http://csu1.spcomm.uiuc.edu/Projects/TECLAB/BLANCHE/
Blanche is a computational modeling environment to specify, simulate, and analyze the evolution and co-evolution of networks.
 
PAJEK
http://vlado.fmf.uni-lj.si/pub/networks/pajek/
Package for large network analysis.
 
Indicative Online SNA portals (9)
International Network for Social Network Analysis
http://www.insna.org/
Links to online resources, conference information, journals, course descriptions, data resources, social network researchers and programs, software packages and listservs.
 
Analytic Technologies
http://www.analytictech.com/
Software download site for UCINET and Krackplot but also great and comprehensive introduction to social network analysis through its Social Network Analysis Instructional Web site that contains definitions, explanations, examples and slide shows: http://www.insna.org/indexConnect.html
 
Agna
http://agna.gq.nu
Software download, user's guide, useful social network analysis links.
 
Vladimir Batagelj's Web page
http://vlado.fmf.uni-lj.si/vlado/vladonet.htm
Mainly links to various software applications.
 
Formation of Economic and social networks page
http://www.econ.iastate.edu/tesfatsi/netgroup.htm
Annotated links to networks-related Web sites.
 
Tom Snijders Social Network Analysis Page
http://stat.gamma.rug.nl/socnet.htm
Downloadable papers and annotated links to software download pages.
 
The Vancouver Network Analysis Team
http://www.sfu.ca/~richards/
Papers, bibliography, software downloads (Fatcat, Negopy, Multinet, Pspar, etc.) and links to other network researchers.
 
Ronald Burt's homepage
http://gsb.uchicago.edu/fac/ronald.burt
Teaching materials and research papers.